Geopolitical Incarnation of Gilgit Baltistan on Political Horizon of Pakistan

Haji Muhammad Anwar
M. Phil. Department of Pakistan Studies, Government College University Faisalabad
Muhammad Qasim
PhD Scholar Department of Geography, University of Peshawar
Email: [email protected]

Geopolitics is the subject which is used to disclose the impact of geography on politics in a particular sphere. This research aims to analyze the geopolitics of Gilgit-Baltistan focusing both geographical and political perspectives. The geopolitical significance of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) is evident through its strategic location, connecting China, Afghanistan, and India. The research delves into the historical and contemporary political landscape, emphasizing the pre-independence status, the region’s independence from Sikh Dogra Rulers, and its subsequent affiliation with Pakistan. The constitutional status of Gilgit-Baltistan is in limbo, revealing the absence of representation in Pakistan’s parliament. Geopolitically, Gilgit-Baltistan emerges as a crucial hub, both historically and in the present. The region’s role in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is highlighted, emphasizing its importance in global geopolitics. The analysis underscores the geopolitical impact on Pakistan, emphasizing the region’s significance as a vital water source, energy producer, and potential tourism hotspot. Despite geopolitical challenges, the research advocates for collaboration and cooperation, suggesting that the GB’s significance lies in connectivity and economic development rather than confrontation. The conclusion emphasizes the need for Pakistan to reassess its policies, considering the GB’s geopolitical position to navigate future challenges successfully.
Keywords: Geography, Constitutional Status, Independence, Politics

Geopolitical Incarnation of Gilgit Baltistan on Political Horizon of Pakistan

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